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China urges carrot and stick approach to DPRK

China urges carrot and stick approach to DPRK Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi
 Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi

MANILA/UNITED NATIONS. – Both sanctions against the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea’s (DPRK) nuclear and missile programmes and resumption of the six-party talks are important and neither should be neglected, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said yesterday.

Wang made the remarks here on the sidelines of a series of foreign ministers’ meetings, in response to a question regarding the new UN Security Council resolution over the DPRK’s test launch of intercontinental ballistic missiles in July.

China, as a permanent member of the UN Security Council, upheld an impartial and objective position and played a responsible and constructive role in the process of the adoption of the resolution, he said.

According to Wang, there are two major components in the resolution: one is to make a necessary response to the DPRK’s constant missile launch activities which have violated UN Security Council resolutions in a bid to effectively check DPRK’s nuclear and missile development programs.

The other is to call for the resumption of the six-party talks, stressing the peaceful settlement of the Korean Peninsula nuclear issue by diplomatic and political means, in order to avoid escalation of the tension on the peninsula.

The six-party talks, which involve the DPRK, South Korea, the United States, China, Russia and Japan, were initiated in Beijing in August 2003, but have been stalled since December 2008. The DPRK pulled out of the talks in April 2009.

Noting that sanctions are necessary but not the ultimate goal, the Chinese minister said the measure aims to bring parties concerned back to the negotiating table so as to seek a peaceful solution to the Korean Peninsula nuclear issue and realise denuclearisation as well as lasting peace and stability on the peninsula.

Following the adoption of the resolution, the situation on the Korean Peninsula has entered into a critical juncture, Wang said, urging all parties concerned to make judgment and decisions in a responsible way in order to avoid constant escalation of the situation on the peninsula.

Wang also expressed the hope that all parties concerned can earnestly take into account and accept China’s “double suspension” proposal which requires the DPRK to suspend its missile and nuclear activities in exchange for the suspension of large-scale US-South Korean military drills.

At present, the proposal is the most practical, viable and reasonable solution, he said, adding that it cannot only de-escalate the tension of the peninsula, but also address various parties’ urgent safety concerns, and provide a way out for the Korean Peninsula nuclear issue.

The UN Security Council, in an exceptional session on Saturday, unanimously adopted a new resolution to impose new sanctions on the DPRK for ignoring previous resolutions and its recent intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) tests.

Resolution 2371 (2017), drafted by the United States, bans the DRPK’s exports of coal (the DPRK’s largest source of external revenue), iron, iron ore, lead, lead ore and seafood. Such measures will prevent the DPRK from earning over $1 billion per year of hard currency that would be redirected to its illicit programs, according to the resolution.

The DPRK earns approximately $3 billion per year from its exports. Additional sanctions target the DPRK’s arms smuggling, joint ventures with foreign companies, banks, and other sources of revenue. “This resolution is the single largest economic sanctions package” ever levelled against Pyongyang, said Ambassador Nikki Haley of the United States, noting that the sanctions will lead to the loss of one-third of the DPRK exports and hard currency.

“This is the most stringent set of sanctions on any country in a generation,” said Haley. – Xinhua.

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