|First Aid Tips|
|Wednesday, 01 August 2012 00:00|
The first thing to think about in case of an accident are: Airways, breathing and circulation
If you are at the scene of an accident, this is what to do:
l Check that there is no further danger
l Go to the casualty and if possible, introduce yourself and offer help.
l Ask where he is hurt and whether you can do anything to help.
l Call urgently for help. The number for ambulance is 994 and for general emergency is 999.
l Make sure you know where the accident is and how many people are involved so you can give the right messages.
l Make sure the unconscious person’s head is in the “open airway position”. Use the head tilt for this.
l Place two fingers under the chin and your other hand on the forehead and tilt the head backwards . This will pull the tongue out of the throat. It is often enough to start the person breathing again.
l To check whether the person is breathing, bend close to their nose and mouth and observe, listen and feel for ten seconds. Check to see if the chest is moving. Listen for the sound of breathing. Feel for the breath on your cheek.
l If the person is breathing, put him in the recovery position by taking the victim’s arm nearest to you and place it at right angles near his head.
l Hold the other hand and bend it against the victim’s cheek, turn him over so that he sleeps by his side with his head resting on his other hand.
l Pull his legs to anchor him on his side Doing this can save a life!
If the person is not breathing
l Keep the head in the open airway position
l Pinch his nose, take a deep breath and seal your lips around the victim’s lips blowing air in.
l Check if the heart is beating (don’t use your thumb because you can end up taking your own pulse).
l If the heart is beating, give the victim another round of breath to make sure there is oxygen in his lungs.
Note: Never give mouth to mouth to anyone if they are still breathing
Source: Your Health Your Life, Women’s Action Group (2002)