|President to address Rio+20 summit|
|Wednesday, 20 June 2012 12:00|
Morris Mkwate in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
, which officially begins here today.
Brazilian President Dilma Roussouf will officially open the three-day event.
Rio+20 marks the 20th anniversary of the UN Conference on Environment and Development held here in 1992 and also coincides with the 10th anniversary of the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development held in Johannesburg, South Africa.
It will run under a two-pronged theme, “A Green Economy in the Context of Sustainable Development (Poverty Eradication) and the Institutional Framework for Sustainable Development”.
The “green economy” concept primarily focuses on creating environmentally friendly economies that conserve natural resources and reduce pollution while sustainable development entails balancing human requirements and environmental protection.
On energy, delegates will discuss the need to promote energy sources that minimise pollution of the environment.
Participants are already working on resolving a standoff between developing and developed countries following indications industrialised states might renege on previously agreed commitments.
Last year, the African Union approved the Africa Consensus Statement to Rio+20, which pushes for developed countries to commit to a second period under the Kyoto Protocol.
The commitment would run from next year to 2017 in terms of the statement expected to guide the African perspective at the conference.
The continent is, in addition, seeking to ensure industrialised countries provide long-term financing, technology and capacity-building support to enable developing nations to effectively address challenges stemming from climate change.